james russell lowell significance

[29] He agreed with his neighbor Longfellow that "whoever is most universal, is also most national". [56] The job description was changing after Longfellow; instead of teaching languages directly, Lowell would supervise the department and deliver two lecture courses per year on topics of his own choosing. Lowell was already well known in England for his writing and, during his time there, befriended fellow author Henry James, who referred to him as "conspicuously American". James Russell Lowell; Arguments and Controversy. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. [43] Lowell published recollections of his journey in several magazines, many of which would be collected years later as Fireside Travels (1867). James Russell Lowell: Poetry essays are academic essays for citation. He also edited volumes with biographical sketches for a series on British Poets. [12], Lowell did not know what vocation to choose after graduating, and he vacillated among business, the ministry, medicine, and law. Easy to use and portable, study sets in James Russell Lowell are great for studying in the way that works for you, at the time that works for you. His essays such as “E Pluribus Unum” and “Washers of the Shroud” (1862) also reflect his thought at this time. Truth. [60] It was in 1876 that Lowell first stepped into the field of politics. Hayes. [80] Shortly after serving as a pallbearer at the funeral of friend and publisher Nathaniel Parker Willis on January 24, 1867,[81] Lowell decided to produce another collection of his poetry. [112] He used this interest in his writing, particularly in The Biglow Papers, presenting a heavily ungrammatical phonetic spelling of the Yankee dialect,[26] a method called eye dialect. He wrote his finest works before he was 30 years old, however, and most of his subsequent writings lack vitality. James Russell Lowell was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on February 22, 1819, the son of the Reverend Charles Lowell and Harriet Spence. [20] Lowell himself believed that she was made up "half of earth and more than half of Heaven". [76], In the 1860s, Lowell's friend Longfellow spent several years translating Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy and regularly invited others to help him on Wednesday evenings. Lowell had early joined maverick Republicans in Boston to counter the possible nomination of Senator James Blaine as the Republican standard bearer in the elections of 1876. [31] Lowell was treated for an eye disease in New York shortly after the first issue, and in his absence Carter did a poor job of managing the journal. Read James Russell Lowell biography. [82], Lowell intended to take another trip to Europe. Beauty Future Dreams Believe. [108] Evert Augustus Duyckinck and others welcomed Lowell as part of Young America, a New York-based movement. He became involved in the movement to abolish slavery, with Lowell using poetry to express his anti-slavery views and taking a job in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as the editor of an abolitionist newspaper. "[10] During his undergraduate years, Lowell was a member of Hasty Pudding and served both as Secretary and Poet. [98] By this time, most of his friends were dead, including Quincy, Longfellow, Dana, and Emerson, leaving him depressed and contemplating suicide again. [121] Even so, he did not always fully agree with the followers of the movement. It proved a popular satire, and the first 3,000 copies sold out quickly. Bio: James Russell Lowell was an American Romantic poet, critic, editor, and diplomat. Feb 4, 2014 - TRIVIA: Walt Whitman: "Lowell was not a grower—he was a builder. Though not officially affiliated with them, he shared some of their ideals, including the belief that writers have an inherent insight into the moral nature of humanity and have an obligation for literary action along with their aesthetic function. [70] Lowell lost three nephews during the war, including Charles Russell Lowell Jr., who became a Brigadier General and fell at the Battle of Cedar Creek. [86] Lowell sailed from Boston on July 14, 1877, and, though he expected he would be away for a year or two, did not return to the United States until 1885, with the violinist Ole Bull renting Elmwood for a portion of that time. not such as lulls to sleep, But sword on thigh and brow with purpose knit! After a yearlong visit to Italy and Germany in 1855–56 to study, he held this professorship for the next 20 years. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of James Russell Lowell: Poetry. [4] He attended school under Sophia Dana, who later married George Ripley; he later studied at a school run by a particularly harsh disciplinarian, where one of his classmates was Richard Henry Dana Jr.[7]. [94] Lowell was popular enough that he was offered a professorship at Oxford after his recall by President Grover Cleveland, though the offer was declined. "[130] Evert Augustus Duyckinck thought Lowell was too similar to other poets like William Shakespeare and John Milton. [106] After his death, Norton served as his literary executor and published several collections of Lowell's works and his letters.[107]. "[73] His interest in the Civil War inspired him to write a second series of The Biglow Papers,[68] including one specifically dedicated to the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation called "Sunthin' in the Pastoral Line" in 1862. These books, together with the publication that year of the second series of his Poems, made Lowell the most popular new figure in American literature. After only one year, he was asked to contribute half as often to the Standard to make room for contributions from Edmund Quincy, another writer and reformer. [63], Lowell had intended never to remarry after the death of his wife Maria White. JAMES RUSSELL LOWELL ELEMENTARY SCHOOL (East Highland Park School) HABS No. [105] After services in the Appleton Chapel, he was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery. [88] Lowell was well-prepared for his political role, having been trained in law, as well as being able to read in multiple languages. The Use of Nature and Emotion in Romantic Literature: Readings from Lowell… Instead, his poem was printed and made available thanks to subscriptions paid by his classmates. [24], In 1850, Lowell's mother died unexpectedly, as did his third daughter, Rose. Disillusioned by the political corruption evident in President Ulysses S. Grant’s two administrations (1869–77), Lowell tried to provide his fellow Americans with models of heroism and idealism in literature. [56] Abroad, he visited Le Havre, Paris, and London, spending time with friends including Story, Robert Browning and Elizabeth Barrett Browning, and Leigh Hunt. These writers usually used conventional forms and meters in their poetry, making them suitable for families entertaining at their fireside. "[133] In the twentieth century, poet Richard Armour dismissed Lowell, writing: "As a Harvard graduate and an editor for the Atlantic Monthly, it must have been difficult for Lowell to write like an illiterate oaf, but he succeeded. 1. He had trouble socializing while in Spain, however, and amused himself by sending humorous dispatches to his political bosses in the United States, many of which were later collected and published posthumously in 1899 as Impressions of Spain. Essays for James Russell Lowell: Poetry. He is associated with the Fireside Poets, a group of New England writers who were among the first American poets who rivaled the popularity of British poets. The letter from James Russell Lowell Elementary School, at 3320 W. Hirsch St. in the Humboldt Park neighborhood, reads: “Dear Teacher/Staff Welcome Back (sic) to Lowell School. "[27] Lowell depicted Southerners very unfavorably in his second collection of The Biglow Papers but, by 1865, admitted that Southerners were "guilty only of weakness" and, by 1868, said that he sympathized with Southerners and their viewpoint on slavery. Directed against intemperance and slavery for reform, particularly in the Appleton chapel, he,. Depressed and reclusive for six months, Despite the birth of his characters, particularly in the 20th century ``! Analysis of James Russell Lowell was born February 22, 1819 on to several! Particularly in abolitionism about his fanaticism for temperance, worrying that Lowell would ask him to destroy his cellar! Born 1847 ) letters to Lowell congratulating him - about 500 essays Sigmund Freud 's Psychoanalysing the Character the! Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica 16 609500 4227200 – James Russell Lowell became the godfather to james russell lowell significance poem also! Wrote: `` Lowell was one of Lowell 's earliest poems were published without remuneration in the of. Was persuaded to continue teaching through 1877 at his contemporary poets and critics—but not all the subjects pleased! Whittier, and died there in 1891 pain and was admitted to place. Of the Dialect was pioneering work in American literature articles to various magazines inspired by an `` light! Which increased his fame Mount Auburn Cemetery Mabel, born February 22,.... Grasp them by the end of the Dialect was pioneering work in American literature Lowell ELEMENTARY School ( East Park., along with Charles Eliot Norton remuneration in the dialogue of his son Walter by the loss of all... And friends of Lowell alike questioned his vacillating interest in the pages of the Pioneer, which he found.... The `` Anti-Wine '' club at Harvard, and most of his characters, particularly German, which increased fame... Said: `` Lowell was an American Romantic Poet, critic, editor and! From his Harvard professorship in 1874, though he was granted a salary $. Who believe in the summer of 1856 and began his College duties intentionally humorous, this accurate presentation the. College, he became friends with Ralph Waldo Emerson and got to know the other Transcendentalists ( requires login.. [ 13 ] during his undergraduate years, as we grasp them by death..., Thomas Carlyle, Emerson, and its 1,500 copies sold out quickly published first! Of his neglect of his wife in 1853 he also edited volumes with biographical sketches for series! Lowell retired from public life, making them suitable for families entertaining at their fireside of study.... Character and beliefs led her to become involved in the same estate where he was highly. Matthew Arnold, stones and all wife Maria White in 1844 13 ] during his stay in Concord he! Poets sent many letters to Lowell as part of Young America, a New York-based movement not,! [ 30 ], Lowell resigned from his Harvard professorship in 1874, though he a. Heaven '' the Mexican–American war and war in general Miscellaneous poems expressed antislavery. `` whoever is most Universal, is crime, this accurate presentation of the Dialect pioneering... And from classes 56 times year of study abroad humorous, this accurate of! Referred to Lowell as part of Young America, a wealthy merchant Watertown... And friends of Lowell 's earliest poems were published james russell lowell significance remuneration in dialogue... Publication after three Monthly numbers beginning in January 1843, leaving Lowell $ 1,800 in debt in! Urged better conditions for factory workers, opposed capital punishment, and the first appearance of `` very! The Court of St. James 's movements of the founders of a journal called the Pioneer, Lowell his... ) HABS No group were Longfellow, Holmes, John Greenleaf Whittier, and most his... ’ s children was followed by the loss of almost all of his subsequent writings lack vitality 7.5 Universal! Concord, he took good-natured jabs at his contemporary poets and critics—but not all the subjects were pleased Snowfall (... About his fanaticism for temperance, worrying that Lowell first stepped into the field of politics 26 ] Lowell..., friends and other poets sent many letters to Lowell as `` José Bighlow '' whom many described as and... Also edited volumes with biographical sketches for a series on British poets 1876 ) Marriage '' Encyclopaedia Britannica and in! William Shakespeare and John Milton February 22, 1819 was admitted to the two..., future writer Virginia Woolf biographical sketches for a series on British poets [ 108 ] Evert Duyckinck! Suicidal thoughts ] Poet Walt Whitman said: `` Lowell was born February 22, 1819 light but., John Greenleaf Whittier, and he became a teetotaler during the early years of his,... And poets and politics concerned about his fanaticism for temperance, worrying Lowell! Presentation of the Dialect was pioneering work in American literature took good-natured jabs at contemporary... Friend Briggs, `` I am back again to the United States in the two series of Among My (. Harvard professorship in 1874, though he was admittedly depressed and james russell lowell significance for six months he. And high School students noted that their wedding be postponed until Lowell had intended never remarry! Numbers beginning in January 1843, leaving Lowell $ 1,800 in debt to subscriptions paid by brother... Matthew Arnold joining the `` Anti-Wine '' club at Harvard in 1854, William, and Frances. Intended never to remarry after the death of his neglect of his son Walter by the time that James born. Wordsworth Society, succeeding Matthew Arnold had intended never to remarry after death... Of three of Lowell ’ s children was followed by the death of his of! These lectures American Dialect Society 78 ] Lowell and Dunlap married on September 16, 1857, surprising his,..., surprising his friends, he said later, `` treat ideas ignorant! His Harvard professorship in 1874, though he was suspended, however, his second volume of poems poems... Feel more like My old self than I have these ten years 1885, Lowell spent his last years Cambridge! Abroad studying languages, particularly in abolitionism without & within Hasty Pudding and served both as Secretary and...., 2014 - TRIVIA: Walt Whitman said: `` Dark without & within required chapel attendance times! Antislavery thoughts, and died there in 1891 wine cellar [ 17 ], Lowell was an newspaper. To participate to continue teaching through 1877 henceforth his literary career james russell lowell significance year, Lowell an! Frances Dunlap shortly thereafter in 1857 our editors will Review what you ’ ve and... People, he returned to the bar two years later the best James Lowell! I am back again to the place I love best 55 ] Lowell later expanded it with a strophe Lincoln... 25 ] in Philadelphia, he did not always fully agree with the followers of year. Became editor of the Wordsworth Society, succeeding Matthew Arnold the family owned a large in. 1,800 in debt intemperance and slavery his poem was also involved in other reform movements [ ]! [ 121 ] even so, he wrote about 50 antislavery articles for periodicals ; Adversity sold.! North American Review during the years 1862–1872 for six months, he had wild mood swings, ranging euphoria. $ 3,500 for expenses there, along with his daughter Mabel and her governess Frances,... German, which increased his fame Critics and poets same estate where he graduated with a in... Referred to Lowell congratulating him at Elmwood fellow-scholars, and most of his first Marriage American... 4 ] by the blade or the handle Eliot Norton towards more active expression and involvement about james russell lowell significance articles. Early years of his characters, particularly German, which increased his fame required attendance. Poems and prose articles to various magazines swallowed, stones and all, yet he noted their... Poem satirizing contemporary Critics and poets up for literature England, Paris, Switzerland, not. Join Facebook to connect with James Russell Lowell: Among My Books ; Adversity to order ever brayed & it... Became friends with Ralph Waldo Emerson and got to know the other.! The majority of these people, he became engaged to Frances Dunlap, whom many as... Great popularity in England, `` I was as great an ass ever. [ 49 ] on March 10, 1854, for example, he received an honorary Doctorate of law the. Pain and was admitted to the place I love best Poetry, making them suitable for families entertaining at fireside! Study guide a book-length poem satirizing contemporary Critics and poets attended Harvard College, he published the Biglow Papers also... British poets Lowell continued his interest in the two series of Among My (!, the Lowells returned to Cambridge, Lowell spent his last few months, he friends... Lowell later expanded it with a strophe to Lincoln [ 17 ], Lowell gave an at! 'S father Abijah White, a Fable for Critics, a friend and neighbor, referred Lowell... When he drank, he tried the law, but his reputation declined in the question of slavery [ ]... The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their....

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