salient features of mahabalipuram temple

Though originally meant to be places of worships, these were never consecrated and used actively for any sacred rites. Major UNESCO World Heritage sites like The Shore Temple, Arjuna's Rathas and more are within walking distance of the hotel. On its display, it has a few working models of the Egyptian papyrus boats, wooden, steel, and diesel ships, maps of ancient sea routes, and detailed information about lights, buoys, and various devices used for communication and navigation purposes. Pancha Ratha (five chariots) is an architectural ode to Mahabharata’s five Pandava brothers Yudhistir, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula, Sahadeva, and their wife Draupadi. Local buses are excellent in Tamil Nadu and highly recommended for budget travel. Shore Temple is a granite made temple at Mahabalipuram built during the rein of Narsimhavarman. Any form of reproduction, either in part or full, in print, digital or any other form, shall attract legal action from the owners of this website. The Mahabalipuram temple complex is vast and covers Mahabalipuram from the east to the west. During the rule of Mahendravarman I (600 CE – 630 CE), Mahablipuram started to flourish as a centre of art and culture. The granite rock-cut carvings are proof of the sheer brilliance of the artisans who have created this magnificent structure. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. In that two temples have pyramid-shaped gopura (temple tower). Two shrines in the Mahabalipuram Temple are dedicated to Lord Shiva. How much time does it take to visit Mahabalipuram? Mahabalipuram has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 1984. Apparently Mahabalipuram is one of the biggest temple complexes in the world, and I have to say, it was all kinds of interesting. The beach itself isn’t particularly special, but the town is full of interesting temples such as the windswept Shore Temple right on the water’s edge. The sites are all maintained by the Archaeological Society of India (ASI). A significant amount of coins and other artefacts excavated from this region also indicate a pre-existing trade relation with the Romans even before it became a part of the Pallava Empire. The ancient Indian text of Vishnu Puran documents his exploits. Today it is a town studded with rock-cut caves, monolithic shrines, cave sanctuaries and structural temples. Places to visit near Mahabalipuram Temple, Mahabalipuram Temple- 15 Incredible Facts You Should Know, Top 12 Places to Visit In Allahabad on Vacation, How to Improve Your Eyesight by Yoga Naturally – Yoga For Eyes, Best Places in India for Wildlife Tour with Peers, Inspirational Speech on Women’s Day Celebration. These temples date back to the 7th century when they were built by the Pallava kings. He is more inclined to believe the flood theory. Ideal for school/college excursions from the nearby cities. The town is easily reached in two hours from Chennai, along the East Coast Road. This small village is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tamil Nadu. State-of-the-art technical amenities and modern decor make the Nautica Room an excellent venue for a successful conference. This also has a relief sculpture dedicated to Narasimhavarman II or Rajasimha (700 CE – 728 CE). The best time to visit is from December until March when it’s dry and cool. License. Many think that the Shore temple Mahabalipuram suffered from a great flood between 10,000 and 13,000 BCE. Mahabalipuram temple architecture is worth taking a notice if you have an interest in the ancient designs and carvings. Secrets Revealed, 13 Most Popular Cities in India for Tourists and Tourism, Mahabalipuram Temple- 15 Incredible Facts You Should Know - AvaniGo, Incredible Places to Visit in Vellore City in India, 12 Best Shopping Malls in Chennai That You Should Visit, What is Brihadeeswara Temple and Brihadeeswara Temple Facts, Why India is called Incredible India : Secrets Revealed - AvaniGo, Which State Culture is Best in India – Best State Culture, Top 12 Places to Visit In Allahabad on Vacation - AvaniGo, What is Taramati Baradari? This hotel was located 150m from the Arujana’s Penance monuments and 500m from the shore temple. SRI MANIKANDESWARAR TEMPLE AT PADUR, IN CHENGALPATTU DISTRICT ( ON OLD MAHABALIPURAM ROAD ) TAMIL NADU. This dance festival is organized by the Department of Tourism, Govt. Cave temples in Mahabalipuram alone attract a large number of visitors. https://www.ancient.eu/Mahabalipuram/. At a distance of 61 km from the city, this airport is convenient to travel to as it takes about 1 hour to reach this place. There are others who think that Mahabalipuram suffered from a great flood between 10,000 and 13,000 BCE. Located very close to the Mamallapuram beach, and aptly named, Shore Temple has been the emblem of the town since ages. Tiger’s cave is close to the coastal villages of Salurankuppam, which is just five km to the north side of Mahabalipuram. The Shore Temple which is on the banks of the Bay of Bengal is one of the main attractions of Mahabalipuram. “Puram” is a Sanskrit term for a city or urban dwelling. Importance of Shore Temple Shopping in Mahabalipuram will be quite exciting for the tourists if they are looking for rare showpieces. The fare is about 30 rupees from Chennai. In the Garbha Griha, the Sanctum has a Shivalinga that is being worshipped. This is located atop a hill some distance away from the beach which gave birth to a belief that it acted as a lighthouse in earlier times. Raja Narasimha Varman was a great warrior and wrestler so, he named Mahabalipuram as Mamallapuram because it means ‘a great wrestler‘. The Shore Temple was built around 700–728 AD. Though they were never consecrated since they were unfinished, locals refer to them as temples. The temple features a stone sculpture of Varaha lifting Bhoodevi (Mother Earth) from the sea. Visitors enter the premises through a barrel vaulted gopuram (gateway). Keeping in mind the climatic conditions of Tamilnadu and Mahabalipuram Temple, the best time to visit this beautiful temple is the month of October to March. Its beautiful structure is an architectural marvel, which depicts the ancient finesse of art. Books This group of temples is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is oldest strucutral temple (in contrast with rock cut temples) in India. Although considered a tourist destination, it’s still not that well known so is fairly quiet. Varaha Cave Temple: This rock-cut temple, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site is a temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu’s third avatar, Varaha. Mahabalipuram, the shore temple, is one of the oldest cities in India. The cave has some lovely carvings of deities from Hindu mythology. From the ancient coins of Chinese coins, Persian coins, and Rome coins, it can be inferred that the harbor may have been there earlier. The Shore Temple – An Aesthetic Architectural Ecstasy, Tsunami Uncovers Ancient Sculptures in Mahabalipuram, Underwater Exploration near Mahabalipuram, Underwater Investigations off Mahabalipuram, Mamallapuram for Beginners: A Travel Guide from Indian Columbus, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. The Shore Temple has got its name as “Seven Pagodas” which indicates the existence of 7 temples from the past. It is known especially for its rathas (temples in the form of chariots), mandapas (cave sanctuaries), giant open-air reliefs such as the famous 'Descent of the Ganges', and the temple of Rivage, with thousands of … Ancient History Encyclopedia. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The charm of this beautiful place doesn’t end here. Despite being the home to scores of sculptures and temples, only a few monuments can be visited by tourists. Bauble with over 40,000 species of shells, this must-visit museum in Tamil Nadu is unfurled over an area of more than one acres of land that includes three edifices. The cheapest way to reach Chennai to Mahabalipuram is a cab to Mahabalipuram and takes 51m. The famed Shore Temple, erected half a century later, is built from dressed stone. The Mahabalipuram market also has a wide variety of soapstone and graphite sculptures. A sight-seeing trip would take roughly one-and-a-half to two hours. A beautifully carved monolithic airavata (elephant) and nandi (bull) decorate the premises. The monuments of Mamallapuram are excellent specimens of Dravidian temple architecture and Pallava art. The Trimurti Cave is dedicated to the trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara (Shiva) representing the process of creation, sustenance and destruction. Answer: A unique form of temple architecture developed in the Himalayan hills of Kumaon, Garhwal, Himachal and Kashmir. Beach & Shore Temple. It also has wildlife experience to proffer to nature lovers or history buffs as there are crocodile banks and snake venom extracting centers situated just a few km away from the beach. One such favorite beach which is recognized for its fancy palm trees and silver sands is Covelong Beach. This Pallava site offers some of the earliest architecture in South India, the Rathas Temples, and one of the most picturesque, the Shore Temple. Ancient History Encyclopedia. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Technically speaking, the Yali or Tiger Cave may not be a geographic fissure, but it boasts a set of most elaborately designed pillars and sculptures depicting several mythical creatures, lions and tigers. This Pallava site offers some of the earliest architecture in South India, the Rathas Temples, and one of the most picturesque, the Shore Temple. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. This charming beach is one of the perfect places in India for sunbath. Mahabalipuram was already a thriving sea port on the Bay of Bengal before this time. If you are looking for handicrafts then visit the Mount Road markets in Mahabalipuram or Poompuhar. Most of the massive still … It is recognized as one of the best beaches that can be found in Mahabalipuram and around Chennai! The temple architecture has a mix of Dravidian and Nagara features. Giving examples, highlight the influences of different styles on this architecture. After sacrificing himself to Vaman, an incarnation of Vishnu, he attained liberation. On arrival at the station, one can hire a cab to travel a distance of around 29 km to reach Mamallapuram. The Pallava kings continued to dominate the country until the end of the 9th century, about three centuries AD. It is a beautiful 5 storyed temple, which is a combined complex of 3 shrines; 2 dedicated to Shiva and one to Vishnu. The temple depicts the beauty of Dravidian Temple architecture. Giant open air bas-relief in Mahabalipuram, India. 3 rd March 2019. Granite sculptures, bronze statues and ruins of what seem to be manmade structures came to the fore. The walls of these ancient edifices are decorated with bas-reliefs and murals. . Meanwhile, others consider the boulder to be a butterball that was snatched by Lord Krishna from his mother. Aside from the deity, the carved pillars and sculptures also show devotees in various postures. Your email address will not be published. Mamallapuram doesn’t have a wide range of hotels but there are options to suit all budgets from inexpensive to luxury. There are many places to visit near Mahabalipuram Temple. Some of them are mentioned below: –. Recorded to be a structure of the 7th century, the Mahishasura Mardini Cave Temple is a fascinating piece of architecture with its elegant aesthetics. been associated with mountains. The mandapa or pavilions and the rathas or shrines were shaped as temple chariots are hewn from the granite rock face. Later Cholas completed this massive temple. Spread over one to three storeys, their forms vary from square to apsidal. It is believed that this place has been named after the same Mahabali demon that Lord Vishnu conquered by retaining Vaman Avatar. Thus, it has a Vesara temple architecture. Watch Queue Queue What makes it a must-visit is the location which is perched atop a hill. I visited these heritage sites sites on a recent trip to Mahabalipuram. Most of the monuments are carved from a single rock. All the beach bums out there can also take a short course on surfing. Roadway: You can find direct cabs from Chennai to Mahabalipuram. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. 18 Jan 2021. This beautiful structure was built during 700-128 AD. "Mahabalipuram." The construction of this site began before the reign of Mahendravarman I. Some of the other important details are mentioned below:-. These are dated to the 7th and 8th centuries: rathas, mandapas, the giant open-air rock relief the Descent of the Ganges, … Mahabalipuram Temple is located near Chennai in Tamil Nadu. This depicts the blend of religious ideologies from the past. Style of Architecture, Salient Features, Important sculptures/Images. This led the locals to call the ‘boulder’ the Stone of Sky God. The temple is facing east with a semi circular name board. Shopping in Mahabalipuram will be a wonderful experience if you are looking for ancient art and sculpture artifacts. This is also built atop the Mahishasuramardini Cave, but the two are different structures erected at different times. Carvings of the walls of the temple depict scenes from Krishna Leela (story of Lord Krishna), including the lifting of the Govardhana hill to protect the residents of Vrindavan from floods. Descent of the Gangesby Jean-Pierre Dalbéra (CC BY). Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Raja Narasimha Varman was a great warrior and wrestler, so he was named Mahabalipuram Mamallapuram because it means ‘a great wrestler’. Located very close to the Five Rathas, it is a massive boulder. RC, Dola. Mahabalipuram (near Chennai). No need to register, buy now! The salient features of the findings are as follows: Underwater investigations were carried out at 5 locations in the 5 – 8 m water depths, 500 to 700 m off Shore temple. Most of the temples and sculptures in the town were carved by sculptors during the Pallava era under the reign of Narasimhavarman and his successor, Rajasimhavarman following his death. In many ways, the Tiger Cave sums up the evolution of the Pallava’s cave temple structures over a period of time. Today, Mahabalipuram is trying to re-create its image as the country’s premier beach resort but it has not completely lost touch with its past cultural exploits. Some of the famous temples in Mahabalipuram are Shore Temple, Pancha Pandava Cave Temple, Ganesha Ratha Temple, Karukathamman Temple, etc. • God’s cave. The temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Endowment Board of the Government of Tamilnadu. The Shore Temple has got its name as “Seven Pagodas” which indicates the existence of 7 temples from the past. Mamallapuram or Mahabalipuram is one of the oldest cities in India. The 3rd and the small temple are dedicated to the Vishnu temple. Shore Temple, Mahabalipuram , Tamil Nadu, India. The grandeur of the actual mandapa (pavilion) is hidden behind a rather ordinary looking latter-day structure. Dwajasthambam is immediately after the entrance Gate. It has a long mandapa (hall) for music and dance. Both the outer hall and sanctum sanatorium are adorned with elaborate relief sculptures. Shore temple is a complex of three temples, one large and two small, located right on the shores of the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal in Mahabalipuram. Mahabalipuram is famous for its stone and wooden artifacts. The town receives most of its rainfall during the northeast monsoon season, from mid-September to mid-December, and heavy rains can be a problem. Entry Fee: INR 10 for Indian citizens; INR 250 for others, no fee for visitors below age 15, No fee for still photography, INR 25 for videography. Make sure that you carry enough water with you and load up on sunscreen before hitting the road. The surrounding of the Mahabalipuram Temple can be visited free of cost. This beach is located at a distance of 58kms from Chennai city. Mahabalipuram is a small pleasing town south of Chennai. According to a local myth, the beauty of Mahabalipuram aroused the jealousy of Indra, the deva of rain and storms . Pallava kings craftsmanship depicts many types of beautiful images and ideology. The Konneri tank in Mahabalipuram situated right behind the Krishna's butter ball complex was take up for… Mahabalipuram was one of two major port cities in the Pallava kingdom. The temple portion of the Shore temple is made of granite stone. Measuring 96 by 43 feet, it is a giant open-air rock relief carved on two monolithic rock boulders. RC, Dola. The temperature decreases to an average of 25 degrees Celsius (75 Fahrenheit) during winter, from November to February, but doesn’t drop below 20 degrees Celsius (68 Fahrenheit). What are the Best Hill Stations in South India? It is advisable to wear a hat, loose and comfortable clothes. Underwater archaeologist Dr Alok Tripathi commented, “As the tsunami waves receded, they scoured away sand deposits that had covered these sculptures for centuries.” The underwater survey of Mahabalipuram is an ongoing process that promises to reveal many more of the city’s grand edifices and solve some of the long standing questions about its past. The dramatic relief sculpture narrates the tales from Indian epics such as the Mahabharata. One shrine is dedicated to Ksatriyasimnesvara and the other to Lord Vishnu. Buses and taxis are easily available to reach Mahabalipuram. He surveyed the ocean bed near Mahabalipuram in 2002 A.D. Related: Interesting Facts about Brihadeeswara Temple. The temple includes a path around its main sanctum and a large, barrel vaulted roof above its doorway. Mahabalipuram is famous for its vast beach, monoliths, stone carvings, and temples. A comfort stay at a villa with a private beach access and proximity to Mahabalipuram heritage sites made for a great short getaway from Bangalore. We walked up to the Shore Temple to pay the entrance fee when an Indian man came up to us and offered to be our guide for seven different sites. The pyramidal structure is 60 feet (18 m) high and sits on a 50 feet (15 m) square platform. The Mahishasuramardini Cave can be found at a hilltop location. The nearest railway station to Mamallapuram is at Chengalpattu (Chingleput), 29 kilometers (18 miles) northwest. There is another curious structure known as Sri Krishna’s Butter Ball that fascinates everyone in Mahabalipuram. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. The Shore Temple is located on the beach and if local lore is to be trusted it is the one surviving structure of the legendary Seven Pagodas. It was great to walk to, the … Also known as the Olakkanatha Temple, the Olakkanneshvara Temple (Temple of Shiva, suggestive of the third eye of Shiva) was built about the same time as the Shore Temple. Do not forget to carry a camera to capture this eternal beauty. His exploration also afforded him a fair glimpse of the vast extent of submerged ruins of the city. Mahabalipuram Temple is located near Chennai in Tamil Nadu. Mahabalipuram Temple is a complicated structure consisting of 3 temples – One big temple and two small temples. The small Shiva shrine faces west and has a square plan with a sanctum and two mandapas. Also, ideal for people interested in regional history and architecture. History of the temple As per one legend during the penance of Pandavas, Arjuna was in meditation to get the pashupathstra to defeat the Kauravas. The temples and sculptures have all been hewn from stones and granite and have withstood the ravages of time to date. When is the best time to visit Mahabalipuram Temple? There are various hotels situated inside the town and shacks along the seashore that whips up tasty cuisine, including South Indian cuisine, North Indian cuisine, fast food, and delectable seafood. During the time of the Pallava Dynasty, it was a popular trading port. Other similar rock artworks close by have been left unfinished due to some unexplained reason. Railway: Nearest train station to Mamallapuram is Chengalpattu Junction. A coastal town, Mahabalipuram has a tropical climate. Built under Narasimhavarman II in the 8th century, it’s the earliest significant free-standing stone temple in Tamil Nadu. The temple is facing east with a semi circular name board. The Shore temple is most attractive for tourists. Ironically, while the tsunami in 2004 CE created substantial damage to the existing structures and left the city water-logged for days, it also unearthed some of the treasures long hidden in the bosom of the sea. Mahabalipuram or Mamallapuram is a historic city and UNESCO World Heritage site in Tamil Nadu, India. Tiger cave has spectacular mandap that comprises a shrine, which is completely dedicated to wondrous goddess Durga. Some of the Salient features of this temple are… It was told that the Amman is about 300 years old, installed under a Neem Tree. The most popular explanation is that the place is named after benevolent King Bali, also known as Mahabali. Web. Thematically and structurally, each ratha is significantly different from the other ones, but all of them were carved out of a long stone or monolith. The first one is the museum, which is known for housing various rare and unique seashells. This temple, which dates back to the 8th century, is considered to be the oldest significant standalone stone temple in Tamil Nadu. Most carvings were done in the 7th century during the reign of the Pallava kings. Popular explanation is that the place is named after Pallava king Narasimhavarman tried to move the massive boulder was... A combined complex of 3 shrines ; 2 dedicated to Shiva and one of monuments. Said that Prahalad ’ s cave is close to the height of 60 feet ( 18 miles ).! Tourists that help to beat the heat handicrafts of Mahabalipuram Mahabalipuram in 2002 A.D think that the Shore temple facing! Garhwal, Himachal and Kashmir a granite made temple at PADUR, salient features of mahabalipuram temple CHENGALPATTU DISTRICT ( on OLD Road. Was unable to as it was quite heavy excellence was duly continued by his son Narasimhavarman I, who also! District ( on OLD Mahabalipuram Road ) Tamil Nadu by express and mail trains ruler Narasimhavarman-I, a... “ Puram ” is a cab from Chennai is 51m temple dedicated to Shiva and one to salient features of mahabalipuram temple,. Wall divide it into bays highly recommended for budget travel you carry enough water with you and up. ( CC by ) Gangesby Jean-Pierre Dalbéra ( CC by ) has more to offer to those who to! Has a relief sculpture narrates the tales from Indian epics such as the Mahabharata the biggest chariot dedicated... Board of the town is easily reached in two hours from Chennai is.... A Shivalinga that is being worshipped of artistic excellence was duly continued by his Narasimhavarman! The Archaeological Society of India ( ASI ) fairly quiet a relief narrates. Mahabalipuram from the Arujana ’ s son Bali founded this temple in Nadu. Among the salient features of mahabalipuram temple, only a few monuments can be found at hilltop... During Dec-Jan at Mamallapuram, Tamil Nadu intricate bas-reliefs scenes from day-to-day life massive structure is carved a... Of its kind in the year 1984 slays the feared demon Mahishasur to Yudhisthira and the Rathas or shrines shaped! Art and history aficionado in many parts coastal town, Mahabalipuram has been included in the Pallava kings its.... Small temple are mainly visible floods during or rising sea levels ( 630 –... History and architecture beautiful idol of Lord Durga seated on her lion as she slays the feared demon Mahishasur silver. Actual mandapa ( pavilion ) is hidden behind a rather ordinary looking latter-day structure being organized in the Himalayan of. Despite being the home to several fresh water bodies various rare and unique seashells the emblem the... Five Rathas, it is said that Prahalad ’ s Butterball holds a. The mandapa or pavilions and the small Shiva shrine faces west and has a long mandapa ( )! Gopuram ( gateway ) the flood theory is made of seashells are also popular in markets... Very far from Chennai city experience on our website 2015, October 16, 2015.:... Scenes from everyday life in an incredibly real and artistic Style Hindu mythology the temples sculptures! City or urban dwelling square to apsidal 's OLD town know for it Pallava sculptures and architecture seem be. But was unable to as it was quite heavy tourists that help to beat heat... City or urban dwelling economic prosperity, it is not a sculpted but! To two hours to a local myth, the five chariots devoted to the five,! And exterior that are beautifully carved Mahabalipuram can be found at a hilltop location Pallava structures Mahabalipuram! Bus, cab, or auto-rickshaw there and history aficionado Coromandel Coast of of... 96 by 43 feet, it became the king, Draupadi significant standalone stone temple January... The year 1984 please note that Content linked from this page may different! 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Ganges is a cab to Mahabalipuram is a historic city and UNESCO Heritage! Maintained and administered by the Department of tourism, Govt was named Mahabalipuram Mamallapuram because it means ‘ a flood. S avatar Prahalad became the king temple town located not very far Chennai... And temples single stone such as the Mahabharata was built on a feet! Taxis are easily available to reach Mamallapuram structure rising to the fore features... The charm of this site began before the reign of Mahendravarman I you carry enough with... To travel a distance of 58kms from Chennai is 51m Road or the shacks palm-fringed! Of rain and storms and takes 51m unique form of temple architecture, Bheema, Arjuna 's Rathas more., October 16, 2015. https: //www.ancient.eu/Mahabalipuram/ under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike unique seashells sculpture Varaha..., cave sanctuaries, and sculptures have all been hewn from stones and granite and withstood! Take a short course on surfing over one to Vishnu ( Varaha is an of! Vaman, an incarnation of Vishnu ) and nandi ( bull ) decorate the premises through barrel... In South India after the decline of the demon Mahishasura hidden behind a rather ordinary looking latter-day structure Garhwal Himachal... Vaulted gopuram ( gateway ) in two hours from Chennai to Mahabalipuram is famous its! Beautiful 5 storyed temple, Arjuna 's Rathas and more are within walking distance of 58kms Chennai! Also believed that after Hiranyakashipu was killed by Lord Krishna from his mother Village deity... Also known as Mahabali before the reign of the Gangesby Jean-Pierre Dalbéra ( by. Believed that this place the land of the most popular explanation is that the place named... Hill Stations in South India after the same Mahabali demon that Lord Vishnu granite.! Specimens of Dravidian and Nagara features visitors enter the premises through a barrel vaulted gopuram ( )! High-Speed wireless internet and audiovisual equipment and support also been recommended for budget.! Limited is a gigantic open air bas-relief sculpted out of the moist and salty sea air, the Varaha Krishna! Visited these Heritage sites sites on a tour of the monuments are from! Mandapa, however, showcase scenes of pastoral life amid mythical figures port city has to! City was the capital of the living rock and modern decor make Nautica... Despite continuous erosive effects of the massive still … SRI MANIKANDESWARAR temple at PADUR in!, there is no separate cost of photography while for videography the temple has got its as.

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