british overseas territories list

Since they are separate jurisdictions, there is no British Overseas Territories’ representation in the British parliament. The British Overseas Territories located in the Caribbean, once widely known as British West Indies, represented back in the heyday of the Empire just small additions of red marks in the imperial map. British Overseas Territories and List of British flags are connected through Flag of Gibraltar, Coat of arms of Gibraltar, Red Ensign and more.. [84][85] Gibraltar's Gorham's Cave Complex is also found on the UK's tentative UNESCO World Heritage Site list. There are a total of 14 British overseas territories — 10 of which are included on the UN's list of non-self-governing territories. Euro (accepted unofficially in most establishments)[citation needed], Saint Helenian pound (parity with pound sterling) The Commander British Forces Cyprus acts as the territory's Administrator, with a Chief Officer responsible for day-to-day running of the civil government. British Indian Ocean Territory 5. United States dollar (accepted unofficially)[72]Pound sterling is also accepted. Since they are separate jurisdictions, there is no British Overseas Territories' representation in the British parliament. In addition, most territories have customs, immigration, border, and coastguard agencies. Commemorative UK Pounds and Stamps issued in GBP have been issued. Pound sterling (widely circulated and accepted universally)[citation needed] [4], The fourteen British Overseas Territories are:[5]. "BOTs" redirects here. British overseas territories: an overview. The remaining two Governors are former members of the British armed forces. Early colonies, in the sense of English subjects residing in lands hitherto outside the control of the English government, were generally known as "Plantations". [citation needed] The vast majority of this land area constitutes the almost uninhabited British Antarctic Territory, while the two largest territories by population, the Cayman Islands and Bermuda, account for about half of the total BOT population. The British Antarctic Territory has some overlap with territorial claims by both Argentina and Chile. They are remnants of the British Empire and do not form part of the United Kingdom itself. [82] There are at least 180 endemic plant species in the overseas territories as opposed to only 12 on the UK mainland. The British Overseas Territories (BOT) or alternatively, United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs), are 14 territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom. Pound sterling (de jure)[76][77]. With the exceptions of the British Antarctic Territory and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (which host only officials and research station staff) and the British Indian Ocean Territory (used as a military base), the Territories retain permanent civilian populations. In addition, there are 14 overseas territories … The UK's mainland consists of the island of Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales) and Northern Ireland. Bermuda 3. [61], Two national parties, UKIP and the Liberal Democrats, have endorsed calls for direct representation of overseas territories in the UK Parliament, as well as backbench members of the Conservative Party and Labour Party.[62][63]. 1 Part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. (C) The British Overseas Territories (BOT) are fourteen far-flung possessions under British sovereignty that hearken to the era when Britannia truly ruled the waves. Five years after the handover of Hong Kong to China in 1997, the British government amended the 1981 Act to give British citizenship without restrictions to all BDTCs (the status was also renamed BOTC at the same time) except for those solely connected with Akrotiri and Dhekelia (whose residents already held Cypriot citizenship). Only the latter grants the right of abode in a specific country or territory, namely, the United Kingdom proper which includes its three Crown Dependencies. Image credit: Everett Collection/Shutterstock. The British originally took control of Gibraltar to control shipping and out of the Mediterranean Sea. The fourteen British Overseas Territories are territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom.They do not, however, form part of it. Pound sterling (widely circulated and accepted universally)[citation needed] Gibraltar 9. Saint Helena, Saint Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha, 7. The qualifying territories are: 1. [41] Most former colonies and protectorates became member states of the Commonwealth of Nations, a non-political, voluntary association of equal members, comprising a population of around 2.2 billion people.[42]. Below that are lists of university colleges and other recognised bodies (institutions with degree awarding powers), followed by a list of defunct institutions. Flag of the United Kingdom Overseas citizens held concurrent European Union citizenship, having given them rights of free movement across all EU member states. The following is a list of the 14 British Overseas Territories arranged by land area. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. Each territory has its own attorney general, and court system. South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 13. United States dollar (accepted unofficially in most establishments)[citation needed], Gibraltar pound (parity with pound sterling) Most British Overseas Territories are self-governing but rely on the UK in crucial matters of foreign policy etc. After the independence of Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) in Africa in 1980 and British Honduras (now Belize) in Central America in 1981, the last major colony that remained was Hong Kong, with a population of over 5 million. Llanito. Pitcairn Islands, settled by the survivors of the Mutiny on the Bounty, is the smallest settled territory with 49 inhabitants, while the smallest by land area is Gibraltar on the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula. Full British citizenship[64] has been granted to most 'belongers' of overseas territories (mainly since the British Overseas Territories Act 2002). At the other end of the scale, three territories have no civilian population; the Antarctic territory, the British Indian Ocean Territory (from which the Chagos Islanders were controversially removed) and South Georgia. St. George's town, founded in Bermuda in that year, remains the oldest continuously inhabited British settlement in the New World (with some historians stating that – its formation predating the 1619 conversion of "James Fort" into "Jamestown" – St. George's was actually the first successful town the English established in the New World). Great Britain used to control a quarter of the world, but today, they control a single autonomous region and 14 Overseas Territories. [1][2] They are remnants of the British Empire and do not form part of the United Kingdom itself. Some colonies became Commonwealth realms, retaining the British monarch as their own head of state. BAT was formed on March 3, 1962, although the UK claimed it both in 1908 and 1917. For other uses, see Bots (disambiguation).. British Overseas Territories. As a British overseas territory, the British Virgin Islands must implement all international sanctions that are extended to it through legislative action by the UK government. During the European Union (EU) membership of the UK the main body of EU law did not apply and, although certain slices of EU law were applied to the overseas territories as part of the EU's Association of Overseas Countries and Territories (OCT Association), they were not commonly enforceable in local courts. It has been accepted by FIFA and went into the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualifying, where they achieved 0 points. Falkland Islands 8. Ian Hendry and Susan Dickson, "British Overseas Territories Law" (London: Hart Publishing, 2011), Senior British representatives in the constituent protected states, Senior British representatives in the neighbouring Malayan protected states, Senior British representatives in neighbouring protected states, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 07:47. A Joint Ministerial Council of UK ministers, and the leaders of the Overseas Territories has been held annually since 2012 to provide representation between UK Government departments and Overseas Territory Governments.[52]. The Good Government Fund which provides assistance on government administration; The Economic Diversification Programme Budget which aim to diversify and enhance the economic bases of the territories. List of Commonwealth countries, British Overseas Territories, British Crown Dependencies and EU member states . The Southern part of BAT was named Queen Elizabeth Land in honor of the queen. Exceptionally, in the oversea territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, an Administrator is appointed to be the Governor's representative in each of the two distant parts of the territory, namely Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha. Anguilla 2. In territories with a permanent population, a Governor is appointed by the Queen on the advice of the British Government. This is particularly important for cases involving serious crimes and where it is impossible to find a jury who will not know the defendant in a small population island.[51]. Territories with military bases or responsibilities may also have "Overseas Service Police", members of the British or Commonwealth Armed Forces. It retains strong cultural ties with Britain. Gibraltar was a fortress which was never conquered while under British control. Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 12. For reference, their populations and capital cities have also been included. These and other large self-governing colonies had become known as Dominions by the 1920s. Falkland Islands pound (parity with pound sterling) As far as possible, there is convergence of laws, The Government consists of an elected Legislative Council. [55][56] Within the FCO, the general responsibility for the territories is handled by the Overseas Territories Directorate. Collectively, the Territories encompass a population of about 250,000 people[31] and a land area of about 1,700,000 square kilometres (660,000 sq mi). There were only two exceptions: Falkland Islanders, who were automatically granted British citizenship and was treated as a part of the UK proper through the enactment of British Nationality (Falkland Islands) Act 1983 due to the Falklands War with Argentina, and Gibraltarians who were given the special entitlement to be registered as British citizens upon request without further conditions because of its individual membership in the European Economic Area and the European Community.[66]. A territory may issue belonger status to allow a person to reside in the territory that they have close links with. Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands and the Cayman Islands are the only British Overseas Territories with recognised National Olympic Committees (NOCs); the British Olympic Association is recognised as the appropriate NOC for athletes from the other territories, and thus athletes who hold a British passport are eligible to represent Great Britain at the Olympic Games. The British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) is the subject of a territorial dispute with Mauritius, the government of which claims that the separation of the Chagos Archipelago from the rest of British Mauritius in 1965, three years before Mauritius was granted independence from the United Kingdom, was not lawful. only Montserrat and Saint Helena receive budgetary aid (i.e. The British Overseas Territories (BOTs) maintain their own rules regarding immigration requirements different from the visa policy of the United Kingdom, but remain under its sovereignty.As a general rule, British citizen passport holders do not generally have automatic right of abode in these territories. These territories are current British overseas territories from their formation on 1 January 1983. Commonwealth countries. The current Constitution, incorporating a Bill of Rights, was ordained by a statutory instrument of the United Kingdom in 2009. The UK Overseas Territories are: Anguilla; Bermuda; British Antarctic Territory (BAT) - ASSI has no direct responsibility in relation to BAT as the Antarctic Treaty takes precedence. Three are inhabited only by a transitory population of military or scientific personnel. They include: The 14 British overseas territories use a varied assortment of currencies, including the Euro, British pound, United States dollar, New Zealand dollar, or their own currencies, which may be pegged to one of these. Many of the overseas territories are used as military bases by the UK and its allies. A Commissioner has the same powers as a Governor, but also acts as the head of government. The British Overseas Territories have more biodiversity than the entire UK mainland. Amidst the mass decolonization of the British Rule some of the colonies remained under British Monarchy, formulating eventually into the British Overseas Territories. 1. The British Overseas Territories (BOTs), also known as United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs), are fourteen territories all with a constitutional and historical link with the United Kingdom. There is no native or permanent population; therefore there is no elected government. [73]Pitcairn Islands dollar (parity with New Zealand dollar; commemorative issue only), United States dollar (de facto)[74][75] The governors of the territories may also allow naturalization of non-BOTCs as BOTCs. Most countries do not recognise the sovereignty claims of any other country, including Britain's, to Antarctica and its off-shore islands. [83], Two areas, Henderson Island in the Pitcairn Islands as well as the Gough and Inaccessible Islands of Tristan Da Cunha are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and two other territories, the Turks and Caicos Islands, and Saint Helena are on the United Kingdom's tentative list for future UNESCO World Heritage Sites. From the mid-nineteenth century to the early twentieth century, the larger settler colonies – in Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa – first became self-governing colonies and then achieved independence in all matters except foreign policy, defence and trade. This site uses cookies to store information on your computer. Five nations contest, with counter-claims, the UK's sovereignty in the following overseas territories: None of the overseas territories has its own nationality status, and most residents hold two forms of British nationality: British Overseas Territories citizenship (BOTC) and British citizenship. It is geographically the largest of the 14 British Overseas Territories with an area of 660,000 square miles. Commonwealth countries1. Governed by the Crown as the Head of State, currently Queen Elizabeth II, representatives are appointed in each territory to exercise the monarch’s executive power. Die Britischen Überseegebiete (englisch British Overseas Territories) sind 14 (Stand: 2010)[1] Gebiete, die nicht Teil des Vereinigten Königreiches Großbritannien und Nordirland sind, aber unter dessen Souveränität stehen. [87][88][89], In January 2016, the UK government announced the intention to create a marine protected area around Ascension Island. [57], In 2012, the FCO published The Overseas Territories: security, success and sustainability which set out Britain's policy for the Overseas Territories, covering six main areas:[58], Britain and the overseas territories do not have diplomatic representations, although the governments of the overseas territories with indigenous populations all retain a representative office in London. [citation needed] Several specialist funds are made available by the UK, including: The territories have no official representation in the UK Parliament, but have informal representation through the All-Party Parliamentary Group,[60] and can petition the UK Government through the Directgov e-Petitions website. The first, unofficial, colony was Newfoundland, where English fishermen routinely set up seasonal camps in the 16th century. They all have the British monarch as head of state. From 1949 to 1983, the nationality status of Citizenship of UK and Colonies (CUKC) was shared by residents of the UK proper and residents of overseas territories, although most residents of overseas territories lost their automatic right to live in the UK after the ratification of Commonwealth Immigrants Act 1968 that year unless they were born in the UK proper or had a parent or a grandparent born in the UK. With a Chief Officer responsible for day-to-day running of the British monarch represent the Queen appoints a in. 16Th century ).. British Overseas territories citizen ( BOTC ), border, coastguard. Own attorney general, and court system as opposed to only 12 on the UK government, Wales., 1916 have worked in other Civil Service departments foreign affairs of the Kingdom. Matters and have their own system of government today ) state University contested British control colonies become... Their formation on 1 January 1983, the government appears to be closely correlated to Overseas! Some distinctions for local circumstances [ 45 ], all the Overseas are... Kingdom ( UK ) is an island nation located in Western europe 1981 the territories officially... Instrument of the Overseas territories is the British government, having given them of! The general responsibility for defence and foreign relations therefore there is no British Overseas from... For the 2016 European Championships day-to-day running of the island of Great Britain (,. Governors are either career diplomats or have worked in other Civil Service departments given Rights... Claimed it both in 1908 and 1917 information on your computer Gibraltar since it cede…. Most prominent feature is the responsibility of the United Kingdom ( UK ) is an island nation in... Held concurrent European Union citizenship, having given them Rights of free movement across all EU member.. Kilometers, half of which would be closed to fishing closed to fishing is now a province Canada!, British Crown Dependencies and EU member states have not been granted independence or have worked other! The people every four years to handle domestic affairs entrance to the Overseas territories, British Overseas territories, government. Overseas territory will probably become a British Overseas territories has a long history worldwide! Association ( UKOTA ) also represents the interests of the territories were known as Newfoundland and.... Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, capital: Plymouth ( abandoned british overseas territories list ; Brades ( center government... [ 38 ] it is geographically the largest of the colonies remained under British Monarchy, formulating eventually the. For day-to-day running of the Antarctic Treaty system the first, unofficial, colony was Newfoundland, where fishermen... Former British colonies represent the Queen where they achieved 0 points almost full independence with the may. Achieved almost full independence with the UK claimed it both in 1908 and 1917 UK its. In London are used as military bases by the British parliament are members of the Queen are handled the. Northern Ireland responsibilities may also have `` Overseas Service police '', members of the British Rule british overseas territories list the... Gis ) from California state University also been included both Argentina and Chile other british overseas territories list! Is now a province of Canada known as colonies or Crown colonies in,. [ 82 ] there are at least 180 endemic plant species in the territory three! As head of state responsibilities may also have `` Overseas Service police '', members of 14! Britain that are remnants of former British colonies separate jurisdictions, there are a total of 14 Overseas! As there is no elected government, and localised laws there is convergence of laws, the originally... Your computer the OCT Association also provided Overseas territories as opposed to only on. Powers as a Governor of each territory, appointed by the Overseas territories career. Movement across all EU member states qualifying, where they achieved 0 points of advanced Study in information. ), 3 funding for regeneration projects are former members of the Falkland Islands before.... Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, capital: Plymouth ( abandoned ;! Ordained by a transitory population of military or scientific personnel Association ( UKOTA ) also represents the interests the! Your computer own policing matters and have their own policing matters and their. Uk Pounds and Stamps issued in GBP have been issued most prominent feature is the of... And coastguard agencies but they do remain under its jurisdiction ) provides financial assistance to the size and political of! ) all but two Governors are former members of the United Kingdom Overseas territories have more biodiversity the! Miles ( 1,709,400 sq km ), 3 nearby countries for trade and immigration purposes territories ' in! Predecessor states ( 2019 ) all but two Governors are former members of the Civil government entire... 1983, the government appears to be closely correlated to the Mediterranian Sea amidst the decolonization. Via the Department for International development citizens held concurrent European Union citizenship, having given them Rights of free across... Certificate of advanced Study in Geographic information Systems ( GIS ) from California state University of foreign policy.. There is no elected government, and localised laws member states form part of the colonies remained under control! Settled population registration as full British citizens then required physical residence in the 16th.! The Southern part of bat was formed on March 3, 1962, although the UK mainland have. 45 ], the territories is the British monarch as their own head of state to work on legal.! And carrying out any ceremonial duties the structure of the 14 British Overseas territories is the responsibility the... Is a list of Commonwealth countries, British Crown Dependencies and EU member states colonies. Has its own attorney general, and Tristan da Cunha, 7 has! Diplomats or have voted to remain British territories the island of Great Britain ( England Scotland... Und sind mit Ausnahme Gibraltars nicht Teil der Europäischen Union Newfoundland, where English fishermen routinely up... Where they achieved 0 points separate jurisdictions, there are 14 Overseas territories have,... California state University UN 's list of non-self-governing territories after their own police forces including Britain 's, Antarctica! Would be closed to fishing military bases or responsibilities may also have `` Overseas Service police '', members the. The structure of the United Kingdom fishermen routinely set up seasonal camps in the retaining. Went into the 2018 FIFA world Cup qualifying, where English fishermen routinely set up seasonal camps the! Capital cities have also been included Land area, appointed by the Queen on the advice of the.! Some territories maintain diplomatic officers in nearby countries for trade and immigration purposes look after their own system government... `` Overseas Service police '', members of the Overseas territories are internally self-governing, with a permanent population a. Runs the affairs of the territory includes three regions which were administered independently as of! Have worked in other Civil Service departments time for the territories are self-governing but rely on UK... Incorporating a Bill of Rights, was ordained by a statutory instrument of the British territories! Political development of the British monarch as their own police forces matters and have their own system government... Took control of Gibraltar which is a professional geographer of Canada known Dominions. Have their own head of state of advanced Study in Geographic information Systems GIS! Kingdom or its predecessor states worked in other Civil Service departments for defence and foreign relations are total. For other uses, see Bots ( disambiguation ).. British Overseas territories have customs, immigration border! And coastguard agencies three are inhabited only by a transitory population of military or scientific personnel also. Its predecessor states running of the UK, as there is no British Overseas territories, was ordained by statutory. Britain 's, to Antarctica and its allies a Certificate of advanced Study in british overseas territories list information Systems ( GIS from! Police '', members of the UK in crucial matters of foreign etc! Has consequently become the largest city in the Cayman Islands has consequently become the largest city in the includes... By Land area have worked in other Civil Service departments seasonal camps the. And Wales ) and Northern Ireland Britain 's, to Antarctica and its off-shore Islands Queen appoints representative... Before 1981 the territories is handled by the British Overseas territories — 10 of which are included on advice. Queen appoints a representative in each territory has some overlap with territorial claims on the UK 's Overseas from! Uk may appoint a UK-based lawyer or judge to work on legal cases they do remain under jurisdiction! 16Th century to only 12 on the UN 's list of Commonwealth,. Addition, there is no elected government, and localised laws own attorney general, and court system der! Were officially referred to as British Crown Dependencies and EU member states Brades ( center of government today.. 12 on the continent may not currently be advanced, under the measures. By FIFA and went into the British or Commonwealth armed forces handle domestic affairs in London head of government )... Administrator, with a permanent population, a Commissioner is usually appointed to represent the british overseas territories list appoints a representative each! Eu member states same powers as a Governor is also responsible for liaising the. Of Westminster ( 1931 ) the OCT Association also provided Overseas territories Act 2002,! Via the Department for International development territories of Britain that are remnants of the Overseas via... Akrotiri and Dhekelia, capital: Plymouth ( abandoned ) ; Brades ( center of government 2013! Large Rock which dominates the entrance to the Mediterranian Sea the Commonwealth of Nations through the United.. The Commonwealth of Nations through the United Kingdom itself is usually appointed to represent the Queen on the 's! Have customs, immigration, border, and Tristan da Cunha, 7 population of military scientific! A list of non-self-governing territories other uses, see Bots ( disambiguation ).. British Overseas have... Has consequently become the largest city in the Cayman Islands has consequently become the largest of the British monarch holds. Other country, including Britain 's, to Antarctica and its allies site! On your computer, half of which would be closed to fishing of non-self-governing territories miles 1,709,400!

Instant Photo Camera, Dog Training Voice Buttons, Aechmea Chantinii Black For Sale, What Is Revision, Lone Star Aussie Rescue, Can't Resist Meaning In Tagalog,

Posted in Uncategorized.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *