Tirunelveli pronunciation , also known as Nellai and historically (during British rule ) as Tinnevelly, is a major city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Tirunelveli has two Special Economic Zones in the outskirts of the city, one located in Gangaikondan in the North along NH 44 and another one located in Nanguneri in South along NH 44. In 1743 Nizam-ul-mulk, lieutenant of the Deccan Plateau, displaced most of the Marathas from the region and Tirunelveli came under the rule of the Nawabs of Arcot. The overall sex ratio in the city was 1023, and the child sex ratio was 957. Tirunelveli district is one of the 38 districts of Tamil Nadu state in India.It is the largest district in terms of area with Tirunelveli as its headquarters. Tirunelveli was the subsidiary capital of the Madurai Nayaks; under Viswanatha Nayak (1529–64), the city was rebuilt about 1560.  The Nataraja shrine in the temple represents copper, and features many copper sculptures. Thamirabarani River. The name came about as a result of some inscriptions, which tell the story of Lord Shiva, who descended in the form of a roof and a …  During the 1840s, cotton produced in the region was in demand for British mills.  Swami Nellaiappar temple inscriptions say that Shiva (as Vrihivriteswara) descended in the form of a hedge and roof to save the paddy crop of a devotee. The region is believed to have been covered with Venu forest and hence called Venuvanam. The Jesuit 'St. 125 km. Tirunelveli District is a district of Tamil Nadu state in southern India.  Tirunelveli was under the rule of Pandya kings as their secondary capital; Madurai was the empire's primary capital. The failure of Mahfuz Khan led the East India Company to send Muhammed Yusuf for help. It is the administrative headquarters of the Tirunelveli District. , The nearest airport to Tirunelveli is Tuticorin Airport (TCR) at Vaagaikulam in Thoothukkudi District, 22 km (14 mi) east of the city, which offers daily flights to Chennai and Bangalore. Dam. Read More Tamraparni (Sanskrit for "with copper leaves" or "red-leaved") is an older name for multiple distinct places, including Sri Lanka, Tirunelveli in India, and the Thamirabarani River that flows through Tirunelveli. Share this with your friends. However, the state government put the project on hold after increasing protests against it.. You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser, In tirunelveli which river was best river? They house some of MNCs such as Atos Syntel, Coca-Cola, Yokohama Rubber Company, Indian Oil Corporation Limited, Novo Carbon Private Limited, Bosch Limited, Alliance Tyre Group, Ramco Cements, India Cements, etc. The original power lay in the hands of the polygars, who were originally military chiefs of the Nayaks. The primary crops grown in the region are paddy and cotton.  Tirunelveli halwa was popularised by Irutukadai Halwa, a shop opened in 1900 which sells the sweets only during twilight. RIVER SAND in Tirunelveli. The population density of the city in the 2001 census was 3,781 persons per square kilometre, compared with 2,218 persons per square kilometre in 1971. Its name is derived from the Tamil words tiru (“holy”), nel (“paddy”), and veli (“fence”), referring to a legend that the god Shiva protected a devotee’s rice crop there.…. It is located at the southernmost tip of the Deccan plateau. Talakaveri. Since the economy of the district is primarily based on agriculture, flooding of the Tamarabarani River or a fluctuation in monsoon rain has an immediate impact on the local economy. Tirunelveli is located 700 km (430 mi) southwest of the state capital Chennai, 58 km (36 mi) away from Thoothukudi and 73 km (45 mi) from Kanyakumari. Tirunelveli is a city in the southern part of Tamil Nadu, India.  Most Christian schools and colleges in the city are located in the Palayamkottai area.. , Occupations in Tirunelveli include service-sector activities such as administration, agricultural trading, tourism, banking, agro-machinery, cement manufacturing, information technology and educational services. The art of sweet-making spread to other parts of Tamil Nadu, such as Nagercoil, Srivilliputhur and Thoothukudi. It is one of the Pancha Sabhai temples, the five royal courts of Nataraja (the dancing form of Shiva), where he performed a cosmic dance. The remaining system for disposal of sewage is through septic tanks and public conveniences. The area around the Tamirabarani River and the Chittar has five streams: Kodagan, Palayan, Tirunelveli, Marudur East and Marudur West, and the Chittar feeds fifteen other channels. ‘Thiru – Nel – Veli’ meaning Sacred Paddy Hedge. The Carnatic region came under British rule thereafter.. Maruti Celerio price starts at Rs 4.46 Lakh in Tirunelveli.  The missionary educational system included primary and boarding schools, seminaries, industrial schools, orphanages and colleges. Nandi Hills. The town is located roughly 400 kilometers away from Chennai. Tirunelveli has a number of historical monuments, the Swami Nellaiappar Temple being the most prominent. Industries in Tirunelveli include administrative services, agricultural trading, tourism, banking, agricultural machinery, information technology and educational services. , Tirunelveli is a part of the Tirunelveli Lok Sabha constituency, with ten assembly constituencies: Tirunelveli, Vasudevanallur (SC), Sankarankoil (SC), Kadayanallur, Nanguneri, Ambasamudram, Tenkasi, Alangulam, Radhapuram and Palayamkottai. The Swantantra Party and the CPI won once each, from 1967 to 1971  and 1971–77 respectively.  The corporation maintains a total of 184.8 kilometres (114.8 mi) of stormwater drains, 27 percent of the total road length. In Hindu legend, the place was known as Venuvana ("forest of bamboo") due to the presence of bamboo in the temple under which the deity is believed to have appeared. The city of Tirunelveli is the district headquarters. Tirunelveli is believed to be an ancient settlement of great importance. , Tirunelveli has an extensive transport network and is well-connected to other major cities by road, rail and air.  Beedi production during the 1990s earned an annual revenue of ₹190 billion and a foreign exchange of ₹8 billion across the three districts of Tirunelveli, Tiruchirapalli and Vellore. The famous Nellaiappar Temple in particular is a kaleidoscopic feast, an explosion of colour and detail that’s supported by musical pillars. Chittar River: The main river originates from the Courtallam Hills of the Shencottah taluk and Tenkasi taluk in the district of Tirunelveli. At a distance of 1 km from Tirunelveli Railway Station, Sri Varadaraja Perumal Temple is an ancient and well known Vishnu temple lies on the banks of Thamirabarani River at Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu.  There are units for prohibition enforcement, district crime, social justice and human rights, district crime records and a special branch operating at the district level, each headed by a deputy superintendent of police. The temple of Nellaiappar and Kanthimathi is situated in the centre of Tirunelveli. In 1797, the first Polygar war broke out between the British (under Major Bannerman) and the polygars (headed by Kattabomman). The Maravars occupied the western foothills and the Telugas, and the Kannadigas settled in the black-soil-rich eastern portion. Which two fears did US leaders have about Spain's transfer of territory to France? …. tenkasi is a great city of nellai. The city has eight arts and science colleges and six professional colleges. ‘Thiru – Nel – Veli’ meaning Sacred Paddy Hedge. Livestock of the city and district comprises cattle, buffalo, goats, sheep and other animals in smaller numbers. 348 km . Tirunelveli Thoothukudi Punnakayal. It flows through Tirunelveli and Tuticorin districts of the Tamil Nadu state of southern India into the Gulf of Mannar. Also popular are football, volleyball, swimming and hockey, played on facilities provided by the Tirunelveli Division of the Sports Development Authority of Tamil Nadu. The region was captured by the subjects of the Mughal Empire such as Chanda Sahib (1740–1754) who declared himself "Nawab of Tinnevelly" as well as the Nawab of the Carnatic.  The legislative body is headed by an elected chairperson, assisted by a deputy. 1. , The city covers an area of 108.65 square kilometres (41.95 sq mi). 2. Geographical Location: Tirunelveli District having geographical area of 6759 sq.kms, […] , Electric service to Tirunelveli is regulated and distributed by the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB). , The main bus stand (popularly known as the New Bus Stand), opened in 2003, is located in Veinthaankulam and there is regular bus service to and from the city. It is considered as one of the oldest temples in South India and also one of the top Places to visit in Tirunelveli. Tirunelveli District was formed on 1 September 1790 by the East India Company (on behalf of the British government), and comprised the present Tirunelveli and Thoothukudi districts and parts of Virudhunagar and Ramanathapuram districts. , Nellaiappar Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva in the form of Nellaiappar. Water left paddy fields flooded and also entered habitations in parts of Tirunelveli city. The Manonmaniam Sundaranar University is named for poet Manonmaniam Sundaranar, who wrote "Tamil Thai Vazhthu" the state anthem. In addition to telecommunications, BSNL also provides broadband internet service.  In 1844, a bridge was built by Colonel Horsley across the Tamirabarani River, connecting Tirunelveli to Palayamkottai.  The drop in female school attendance between ages 15 and 19 is almost four times greater than that in the rest of Tamil Nadu. The clinics operated by the corporation provide primary health care to the urban poor through family-welfare and immunisation programs. The city is an educational hub of southern India, with institutions such as Anna University Regional Campus - Tirunelveli, Tirunelveli Medical College, The Tirunelveli Veterinary College and Research Institution, Tirunelveli Law College, the Government College of Engineering, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University and much more. Tirunelveli actually in Tamil means “sacred paddy hedge”. NH 138 connects Palayamkottai with Tuticorin Port.  The current Member of Parliament from the constituency is Gnanadhiraviyam of the DMK. Other bus stands (for intracity services) are the Junction and Palay bus stands. Some polygars (such as the head of Ettaiyapuram) aided the British; Kattabomman was defeated and hanged in his home province of Panchalaguruchi. There are tiny villages in and around Tirunelveli like Alwarkurichi, Kalidaikurichi, Rangasamudram, Cheran … The drier parts of the province also flourished during the rule of the Vijayanagara kings. The nearest domestic airport is Thoothukudi Airport. In 1755, the British government sent a mission under Major Heron and Mahfuz Khan which restored some order and bestowed the city to Mahfuz Khan. , Inscriptions from the eighth to the 14th centuries (during the rule of the Pandyas, Cholas and later Tenkasi Pandyas) indicate the growth of Tirunelveli as a centre of economic growth which developed around the Nellaiappar temple. Many private, multinational wind companies are located on the outskirts of the city. The VOC grounds (in central Palayamkottai) and the Anna Stadium (on St. Thomas Road) are popular venues in the city, and some events are held at scholastic sports facilities. 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