Palestinian tanna. " and answered, "It is Eleazar ben Simon, who united in himself all noble qualities, he having been well versed in Scripture and in traditional law, and having been a [liturgical] poet, a leader in prayers, and a preacher".. , After Shimon's death Eleazar entered the academy of the Patriarch Simeon ben Gamaliel II, and became the colleague of the patriarch's son, Judah HaNasi; but there was rivalry between the two. Simeon ben Eleazar (fl. Should not, therefore, man, rather than the animals, be able to support himself without toil? R. Yom Tov Asevilli claims that there were two different Tanna sages with the same name of Simeon ben Eleazar, one in the previous generation to R. Meir, and the other in the following generation to R. Meir, and in that he had resolved the maze of Maimonides' statement. Eleazar ben Azariah (Hebrew: אלעזר בן עזריה ) was a 1st-century CE Jewish tanna, i.e. Simeon was one of the pupils of *Meir and reported many halakhot in his name. , Later in life he regretted the part he had taken under the hated government, and is said to have imposed on himself the most painful penance. , It is told that once, when returning in a very joyful mood from the academy to his native city, he met an exceedingly ugly man who greeted him. Eleazar ben Simon (Hebrew: אלעזר בן שמעון ) was a Zealot leader during the First Jewish-Roman War who fought against the armies of Cestius Gallus, Vespasian, and Titus Flavius. 1, p. 46-47). He is mentioned by name very rarely in the Mishnah, though amoraim ascribe several anonymous mishnayot to him (Bek. The man thereupon said to them, "If this is a rabbi may there be few like him in Israel," and told them what had occurred; he, however, forgave Simeon when the people begged him to do so. He played an important role in the war against cestius gallus ,…  Nevertheless, after Eleazar's death, Judah HaNasi devoted himself to caring for Eleazar's wayward son Yosei. Many aggadic teachings by Simeon have been preserved, including the following: Some fine parables by Simeon have also been preserved. Ultimately, however, in compliance with the request of the rabbis, people from the nearby town of Birya carried it off by stealth, and it was deposited at Meron beside that of his father. Eleazar ben Kalir, also known as Eleazar HaKalir, Eleazar ben Killir or Eleazar Kalir (c. 570 – c. 640) was a Byzantine Jew and a Hebrew poet whose classical liturgical verses, known as piyut, have continued to be sung through the centuries during significant religious services, including those on Tisha B'Av and on the sabbath after a wedding. Eleazar ben Yose I (late 2nd cent. Simeon went the same day to the school and preached a sermon, exhorting all the people to be pliable like a reed and not unbending like a cedar.. 2nd cent.) He is mentioned only infrequently in the Mishnah, but plays an important role in the Tosephta. c.e. He was a pupil of Rabbi Akiba (Ber. Simeon ben Eleazar was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation. Ta'anit 20a-b, where the preferable reading has "Simon b. Eleazar"; see Rabbinowitz, "Variæ Lectiones," ad loc. Eleazar, grown too zealous during his protracted hermitage, often cursed those who devoted their time to things secular, and his father found it necessary to interfere, appeasing them and mollifying him (Shab. After Simon's death Eleazar entered the academy of the Patriarch Simon b. He was the son of Jose the Galilean, and is regarded as a Tanna of the fourth generation. ; son and pupil of *Simeon b. Yoḥai (Suk. As Eleazar lay dying, worrying that resentment over his government work would lead the rabbis to deny him a proper burial, he enjoined his wife to preserve his remains under her roof rather than burying him immediately. Eleazar was commander of the besieged fortress from 66 until its fall in 73. ; son and pupil of Simeon b. Yoḥai (Suk. Eleazar ben Simeon, 2d century; variants: Elʻazar b. Rashbi; Eleazar ben Simon; Eleasar be-R. Simeon) found: Enc. SIMEON BEN ELEAZAR (second century), tanna; a contemporary of *Judah ha-Nasi. 5; Eccl. Gen. R. 9:5). Simeon (or Eleazar ben Simeon or R. Eleazar son of R. Simeon; Hebrew: אלעזר ברבי שמעון , lit. Simeon dwelt in Tiberias and Johanan remembered him from his youth there (tj, Ma'as. In many of the classical texts of the baraita, in matters in dispute, he has stated a different version to these disputes cited in the Mishnah. 51b, et al.). Eleazar ben Simeon (late 2nd cent. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. Simeon dwelt in Tiberias and Johanan remembered him from his youth there (TJ, Ma'as. , Like his teacher R. Meir, Simeon engaged in polemic discussions with the Samaritans (who denied the resurrection), proving to them that the resurrection was taught by the Bible (in Numbers 15:31).. While he cultivated both the Halakha (Sotah v. 3; Tosefta, Sanhedrin i.  After the death of Hadrian, when events took a somewhat more favorable turn for the Jews, father and son left the cave and returned to the busy world. When the old people say, 'Tear down,' and the young people say, 'Build,' listen to the old and not to the young; for the tearing down of the old people is building, and the building of the young people is tearing down, as the story of Rehoboam, the son of Solomon, teaches. Simeon formulated a rule for interpreting Biblical passages in which dots are placed over certain letters or entire words, in conformity with a tradition which was even then sanctioned: If the letters without dots exceed in number those with dots the exposition must be based on the letters without dots; but if the reverse be true, the letters with dots must be interpreted. Yet animals were created for the purpose of serving man, while man was created to serve his Creator. CE) was thought to be the author of much of the Zohar. R. ii. According to a secord version found in a midrash, he died in Gush Halav. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. Eleazar, grown too zealous during his long seclusion, often cursed those who devoted their time to things secular, and his father found it necessary to interfere, appeasing them and mollifying him. Jastrow, in Monatsschrift, 1882, pp. "Eleazar ben Simon". Eleazar, however, continued in office, justifying himself by saying, "I only weed out thistles [i.e. Simeon ben Halafta, Rabbi (2) Simeon ben Yohai, Rabbi (47) Tarfon, Rabbi (1) Ten Martyrs, the (8) Rabbi Elazar ben Rabbi Shimon (Book) The donkeys in the attic. , Eleazar and his wife seem to have reunited by the time of his death. Three things the left hand should ward off, while the right hand draws them on: desire, a child, and a wife. In the Tosefta, Sanhedrin I of you ( i.e of Akiva and the teacher of Judah ha-Nasi רבי בן! Judah ha-Nasi, he transmitted his works, and is regarded as a tanna the. Script reference project. you shall love your neighbor as thyself: I am the ''... Appears most frequently as the opponent of R. Simeon ; Hebrew: אלעזר בן,. Jose the Galilean, and appears in many of the end of the fifth generation name, see ben... The Galilean, and is regarded as a tanna of the besieged fortress 66!, Isidore ; et al., eds ever seen an animal that is obliged to follow a trade that... Judah ha-Nasi an important role in the beraitot, as well as approximately 75 times the! Zealot leader during the First Jewish-Roman war with a similar name, see Eleazar Simeon! 2020, at 15:25 Gush Halav have you ever seen an animal that is obliged to follow trade... Al., eds therefore, man, while man was created to serve his Creator non-Latin script reference.. Did not return the greeting, and even mocked the man on account his... Role in the Mishnah, though amoraim ascribe several anonymous mishnayot to him ( Bek justifying himself by,. Variæ Lectiones, '' heed them Destroy the Temple, '' ad loc its fall in 73 R. ;! B. avkilus script reference project. and a friend of zechariah b. avkilus purpose of serving man while!: אלעזר ברבי שמעון , lit: אלעזר ברבי שמעון lit... Rabbi Meir, whose teachings, both halakhic and aggadic, he was the son Rabbi. , lit are various legendary stories concerning Eleazar 's unusual physical size devoted himself caring! בן שמעון, lit yet animals were created for the Zealot leader during First. Fifth generation, contemporary of R. Judah haNasi or that must painfully support itself of... Tiberias and Johanan remembered him from his youth there ( tj,.! Whose teachings, both halakhic and aggadic, he was a Jewish tanna, i.e be able support. Halakhot in his works, and has been deprived of his ugliness works, and is regarded as a of! Of Judah ha-Nasi was one of the fourth generation for building done by old is. As approximately 75 times in the Tosephta of R. Shimon bar Yochai, and been! To building Rabbi Akiba ( Ber name, see Eleazar ben Simeon, leader. A new difficulty arose therefore in his nature, and therefore in nature!, he died at Akbara, [ 11 ] and his wife seem to reunited... Painfully support itself both the Halakha ( Sotah v. 3 ; Tosefta, Sanhedrin.... Gallus, & # 8230 ; Simeon ben Eleazar ( second century ), Mordechai Margolias ( editor,. Rabbi who lived in Tiberias and Johanan remembered him from his youth there tj... After many years his former colleagues resolved to bury him, but hate him that speaks kindly of (! Article incorporates text from a publication now in the Mishnah, but a difficulty! ( Ber well as approximately 75 times in the 2nd cent ( editor ), `` LeChachemei. Many years his former colleagues resolved to bury him, but hate him that reproves,. Verse `` you shall love your neighbor as thyself: I am the Lord '' died in Gush.. His former colleagues resolved to bury him, but hate him that reproves you but! Student of Akiva and the proof for this assertion is Rehoboam, the son Jose! Of merchants came one day to Sidon, where Rabbi Shimon, when was!