The information below comes from Wikipedia: the final sentence puts the two in context… https ://www.thunderbolts.info/forum/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=10&t=16430, Vortices are the Pressure Relief Valves of the Atmosphere Solar panels often contain lead, cadmium, and other toxic chemicals that cannot be removed without breaking apart the entire panel. Unlike other forms of imported e-waste, used solar panels can enter nations legally before eventually entering e-waste streams. [A]ny mechanism that finances the cost of recycling PV modules with current revenues is not sustainable. You are an ideologue. GRAVISPHERES: What’s the matter with Dark Matter? “The absence of valuable metals/materials produces economic losses,” wrote a team of scientists in the International Journal of Photoenergy in their study of solar panel recycling last year, and “Results are coherent with the literature.”, Chinese and Japanese experts agree. The answer is no. “Leaching potential test results show that such panels have a leaching potential of approximately 4 grams of lead per kilowatt installed, compared to approximately 23 grams of cadmium per kilowatt installed for CdTe panels. Lack of technical expertise can be a problem when solar developers like Sustainable Power Group, or sPower, incorrectly claim that the cadmium in its panels is not water soluble. In 2012, First Solar stopped putting a share of its revenues into a fund for long-term waste management. In addition to atmospheric pollution, coal burning produces hundreds of millions of tons of solid waste products annually, including fly ash, bottom ash, and flue-gas desulfurization sludge, that contain mercury, uranium, thorium, arsenic, and other heavy metals. “Green Prince of Darkness” at FauxScienceSlayer website. Researchers at the department of civil engineering of the Indian Institute of Technology have reviewed around 300 studies concerned with carcinogenic waste in PV panels published between 2000 and 2018.. Cadmium is a heavy metal that can make humans quite sick. For large scale energy production, solar panels were a bad investment in the first place. None of the above. Maybe adjust your attitude as it puts off skeptics like me, and I’m sure makes many reluctant to even glance at your ideas. But about 70 percent of the modules were actually sent to recycling, and the recycled metals are in new panels today.”. However, a new study shows that certain thin-film solar cells currently on the market could leach hazardous amounts of cadmium after disposal (Environ. Vindicating decision: US Patent Trial and Appeal Board invalidates claims of Hanwha Q-Cells US Patent asserted against REC Group, Why renewable prices have become so cheap, Why solar-powered Christmas lights are a safer (and greener) option, How to keep cool without the air-con this summer. Lessons From A Chicken Wire Stack On Moon, Global Cooling: Beware the Snowman Cometh. The funds would then, in the future, be dispensed to state and local governments to pay for the removal and recycling or long-term storage of solar panel waste. TomOMason: Just How Accurate Are Weather And Climate Measurements? Solar cells, wind bird shredders and biofuels are net energy LOSERS. If you are so confused you cannot formulate a specific argument or even a specific point don’t whine to me about it. Toshiba Environmental Solutions told Nikkei Asian Review last year that. Additionally, he said cadmium is considered 10 times more hazardous than lead. Our Redshift Environment: Living On The Edge, Quantum Mechanics and Raman Spectroscopy Refute Greenhouse Theory, Messier 87 – Virgo A Supergiant Elliptical Galaxy, Windfarms, An Ingenuous Engineering Concept, If Properly Operated, Black Hole Radiation (1) Entangled Gravity, The Role Of Geomagnetic Induction Heating In Climate Change, http://www.thunderbolts.info/forum/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=10&t=16329, https://www.thunderbolts.info/forum/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=10&t=16432, Under Investigation: Death of doctor after COVID-19 vaccination. Is Sustainable Energy Even Possible Globally? In the meantime you might as well start getting used to the fact that science involves work. That claim has been contradicted by the previously-mentioned Stuttgart research scientists who found cadmium from solar panels “can be almost completely washed out…over a period of several months…by rainwater.”. Portions copyright © Principia Scientific International. This has resulted in generation after generation of pretentious nitwits producing layer upon layer of pretentious nonsense that all has the look and feel of science but is actually BS. Earlier this year, Australian solar power solutions provider Energy Matters expressed similar concerns about cadmium panels, stating that while the company is open to the idea of offering CdTe based thin film solar panels at some point and have discussed their concerns with manufacturers, the issues of safety have not yet been addressed to their satisfaction. NO, none of you have, without those carefully made and verified measurements giving evidence that your theory is correct, and can be useful in predicting with good accuracy what the weather and climate will do in the future it is not that worthy. The first step is a fee on solar panel purchases to make sure that the cost of safely removing, recycling or storing solar panel waste is internalized into the price of solar panels and not externalized onto future taxpayers. Solar panels often contain lead, cadmium, and other toxic chemicals that cannot be removed without breaking apart the entire panel. From pv magazine International.. Research paper by Adriana A Ramos-Ruiz, Jean V JV Wilkening, James A JA Field, Reyes R Sierra-Alvarez. None of this will come quickly, or easily, and some solar industry executives will resist internalizing the cost of safely storing, or recycling, solar panel waste, perhaps for understandable reasons. CO2 driving dangerous climate change. Head Office: 27 Old Gloucester Street, London WC1N 3AX. Dangers and hazards of toxins in photovoltaic modules appear particularly large in countries where there are no orderly waste management systems… Especially in less developed countries in the so-called global south, which are particularly predestined for the use of photovoltaics because of the high solar radiation, it seems highly problematic to use modules that contain pollutants. Studies have shown the heavy metals in solar panels — namely lead and cadmium — can leach out of the cells and get into groundwater, as well as affect plants. A crushed non-encapsulated CdTe thin-film solar cell was subjected to two standardized batch leaching tests (i.e., Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) and California Waste Extraction Test (WET)) and to a continuous-flow column test to assess cadmium (Cd) and tellurium (Te) dissolution under conditions simulating the acidic- and the methanogenic phases of Leaching of cadmium and tellurium from cadmium telluride (CdTe) thin-film solar panels under simulated landfill conditions. Solar should be no different. 2013, DOI: 10.1021/es402969c ). Good to give this subject proper attention! It involves making an effort. http://www.thunderbolts.info/forum/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=10&t=16329. Therefore, it is impossible for any vapors “I’ve been involved with millions of solar panels going into the field, and now they’re getting old.”. So if recycling is properly conducted, the toxic materials can be recovered and reused. From your link I see lots of negativity against current thinking — all well and fine but where is your science? The researchers said solar module recycling is … There is real-world precedent for this concern. Yet it is rather i…, Copernicus Meets the Greenhouse Effect (PDF), Absence Of A Measurable Greenhouse Effect, Greenhouse Effect Theory Within the UN IPCC, Why CO2 Has Nothing To Do With Temperature, The Planck Blackbody Equation and Atmospheric Radiative Transfer, Finite Element Model for Atmospheric IR-Absorption, One-way heat flow formulation with Planck absorption and re-emission, Alternative Theory To Man-Made CO2’s Influence On Climate, Keynesian Economics’ Relationship To Economic Prolems. And even now that you’ve been made aware of it you still don’t care. Industry often prefers to comply with a single national standard rather than multiple different state standards. In relation to solar panels, the CdTe is safe while encapsulated in the module, but if the panel is damaged and exposed to … What propagandist rubbish. What will be the wettest month in Californian next year, and which day will be the hottest in Berlin 2 years from now? Those large surface areas, in turn, require an order of magnitude more in materials — whether today’s toxic combination of glass, heavy metals, and rare earth elements, or some new material in the future — than other energy sources. Cadmium dust is even more toxic, leading to respiratory, liver and kidney problems that can be fatal. In the past, communities living near electronic waste dumps in Ghana, Nigeria, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India have been primary e-waste destinations. When coal is compared to solar photovoltaic generation, the latter could save 51,999 American lives per year if solar were to replace coal generation in the U.S. which also produce large amounts of CO2, driving hazardous climate change? A crushed non-encapsulated CdTe thin-film solar cell was subjected to two standardized batch leaching tests (i.e., Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) and California Waste Extraction Test (WET)) and to a continuous-flow column test to assess cadmium (Cd) and tellurium (Te) dissolution under conditions simulating the acidic- and the methanogenic phases of municipal solid … AU - Ramos-Ruiz, Adriana. James McGinn, James McGinn: Seth A. Robinson *a; George A. Meindl b a Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. Cadmium Telluride Panel Integrity and Safety Executive Summary • It is important to distinguish that Cadmium Telluride (CdTe) is not the same as free Cadmium. Given the decentralized nature of solar energy production, and lack of technical expertise at the local level, it is especially important that the whole society be involved in protecting itself from exposure to dangerous toxins. Silicon is the same element in sand, and is non-toxic. Where are your scientific papers, your verified measurements? This has to be weighed against that cadmium is considered approximately 10 times more hazardous than lead,” Westgaard said. Field, Reyes Sierra-Alvarez. I wrongly b…, ...........and accomplish their population control…, Jerry: And I pointed to the observed fact that onc…, So, this jab is actually designed to cause an auto…, Hi TL, You just wrote: "Of course, if a lamp is us…, Yes James I completely agree, we need constant exp…, I agree Linden, and I have said exactly the same a…, Yes, indeed we must share the facts, but a wise pe…, Right on, Linden. “Any modules that were broken into small bits of glass had to be swept from the ground,” Mulvaney explained, “so lots of rocks and dirt got mixed in that would not work in recycling plants that are designed to take modules. Cadmium fumes may cause flu like symptoms and more severe respiratory problems. The vapor pressure of CdTe at ambient conditions is zero. “If a recycling plant carries out every step by the book,” a Chinese expert told The South China Morning Post, “their products can end up being more expensive than new raw materials.”. Field Reyes Sierra-Alvarez The fact that cadmium can be washed out of solar modules by rainwater is increasingly a concern for local environmentalists like the Concerned Citizens of Fawn Lake in Virginia, where a 6,350 acre solar farm to partly power Microsoft data centers is being proposed. The fact that cadmium can be washed out of solar modules by rainwater is increasingly a concern for local environmentalists like the Concerned Citizens of … Rather, the quotes come from a senior Chinese solarofficial, a 40-year veteran of the U.S. solar industry, and research scientistswith the German Stuttgart Institute for Photovoltaics. In relation to solar panels, the CdTe is safe while encapsulated in the module, but if the panel is damaged and exposed to water, the cadmium telluride could leach into the water. Everyone is happy with the result.”. Y1 - 2017/8/15 You are not a skeptic. Although solar panels contain hazardous materials, such as lead and cadmium, they are sealed in enclosures or even sandwiched between plates of glass. | ACN: 632 317 545 | ABN: 41 632 317 545, SOLAR HOTLINE: 1800-EMATTERS (1800 362 883), Tasmania’s New Solar Incentive For Business, Home Solar Power Systems Boost House Value. CO2 is PLANT FOOD and is greening the planet. You are a pretend skeptic. If the industry responds with foresight, Mulvaney notes, it could end up sparking clean innovation including “developing PV modules without hazardous inputs and recycled rare metals.” And that’s something everyone can get powered up about. Poisoning from Cadmium Telluride can cause various reactions, from basic flu-like symptoms through to breathing problems, and kidney and liver complications. 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